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Excluded from school
Only the head teacher of a school can take the decision to
exclude a pupil, normally due to serious and offensive
There are two types of exclusion – for a fixed period (e.g.
a few days) and permanent.
Fixed period exclusion
If a child is excluded for a fixed period (up to 45 days in one
school year) the head teacher must inform the parents immediately,
including reasons for exclusion and the date when the pupil should
return to school.
Parents will also be informed of their right to put their views
to the governing body. This is a group of governors who have
had no involvement with the incident leading to exclusion and is
there to consider whether the school acted correctly. They will
then decide whether the exclusion should go ahead or be
When a pupil is excluded for more than one day, the head teacher
will make arrangements for the pupil to do work at home.
For the first five school days of an exclusion, parents are
legally required to make sure their child is not present
in a public place without reasonable justification. Parents may
be fined or prosecuted if they fail to do so.
In exceptional cases (usually when more evidence has come to
light) a fixed period exclusion may be extended or made into a
Permanent exclusion means the pupil is not allowed to return to
the school he or she is being excluded from.
If a pupil is permanently excluded, the head teacher will notify
parents immediately. The governing body will then meet
with the head teacher, parents, pupil and a council representative
within 15 school days to discuss the exclusion.
If it is your child who is being excluded, you can present your
own case against the exclusion or ask a friend or legal
representative to speak on your behalf.
Once the governing body is satisfied it has all the
information it needs, it will consider upholding or overturning the
exclusion. Parents will be notified of this decision in writing,
usually within one school day.
If the governing body decides to overturn the school's
decision, the pupil can go back to school as soon as possible.
If the governing body decides to uphold the school’s
decision, parents have the right to ask for a further hearing
before an independent appeals panel. A letter will be
sent to parents explaining how to do this.
If parents decide not to appeal or if permanent exclusion is
confirmed by the independent appeals panel, Medway Council must
make alternative arrangements for the pupil to receive education.
This will often mean the pupil is allocated a place at another
mainstream school or, if this is not appropriate, at a pupil